d}Qv yX ~p~p dKpp: g7

⪱p g[ d}Qv yX{ g$mp[ ~Zⰰp sD{ }֪d, %p yX |} p~k dvgyK{. o } Ap g[ drD pg g$ yX֪⯻d ⰳd, ~yZ{ ⰳd, ⰰy sⰶ[, {pֹⰶ[ {Mp. E}Q d g rD 곩p g$ⰳ p}gⰻK{.

Halli Nagaraj%z rD 곩{ g pg}Q gZⰻK{M. |X{D {g o %dx{[ p dvg{. Ƶ{p o g[ g$ [ΰ{ ⰳp ~Zⰰ g sD p]y 곩dd" dp{ Wp⹩. o }Qⰶ[ ⪱p g[ ~Zⰰ yX ydp rDT. yX g$mp{ v d~, v . . pmpyQ, v U. . ~p갩]p rD, ֪y{ v, v ⰰ. Ap. %}yⰳ %pg {Mp. W { g ]gy.

Ap. . \ }gpu,
d ~{d

⪱p g dxJ[[ yX g$mp

Kuvempuv d~ (m}} 29 ⪱p 1904)

``E~RyK} y}{ d}Qv yX kyZⰰ d~ %p yXd g |}, Pg{ %p Eyp dg 갩 { ~Z⬪{ dgⰻK{. dX, }rd, xJdy, d{⪱, k}, d}, dX, yX ⰵ˥ o a{곪{ ~Zdp{ⷳ[ gx{ dvg}Q d~ {Mp. A|ⰾd d}Qv yX{ { ~Zdp}Q dy %|X} }vgⷳ d~pp d⽻g}Q pyg{p A %|X} %~x U}QDp sDg ~Z곪{ g{ⷳ[ gsD d⽻g}Q p{Mp. d}Qvd" prD{ fX}Q y{drD {gp[ %p aTp''U{ d~ %p drg[ aTp{M v ~Zⰵdp %p d}rd yX %dvư py⪬p ַ~g d⽻ⰶ[ gⰻ{Mp.

E{ }{[ ~Zⰵdp %p d}Qv{ ~Z~Zz uC}ĩt ~ZK ~py ``Zpx {}''
U d⽻ ⽸D g$ %{p }Q K} g$
%z~x {Mp. ``p⻩p d} }g}Q[ X %p ~ZuCXLⰶ[ yZ[{ %p %~ZuCLⰷ[,~K ~ZuCⰷ[ } p⻩ m}ʩ}}Q a{[ a{ ⰶ[ ⰪZⰻKp d⽻ ֶWg px. A{M{ %z px{ dz}Q A|prDd곪v a{
{vG dX}Q pd U A yⰪ d" b}[갩 ~rD~R}p
}b}[ y{Mp[ A+Ʒ[. 1930p[갩 `ⰰ{Z h}' U

Kuvempu with friends
yp: ~Rgvp, . Ap. }~R, U. . }pⰳ. dyd곪vp: . Ap. drX}p, Uk. U. Ⱚm~Rgvp, d~, U. pp, . U}. xJgvp.

٪vdX}Q ֪~Z{ΰd l{b}[ p{p. %{ %y ⰵb dx[. %{d" }ַ" g { d dXd" { l{b}Q vdyK E{Mp. yK g %}]ΰ{ %g yW }y} dXd" d{ l{b g곩kpΰy. ayK g py~Xΰ{ 1945p d} g yW 25,000 ~Kg dX}Q ⰰ{p''.

malegalalli madumagaludz { m. dz}Qd ⽸D⶷[ U{p d yW dX{ Aⰶ[ g p ~ZQ {Mp: ``d}[{ R }ꩪ ⽸D~}.'' ⰰk ֶW g ⽸D{M {, y~b{ d_y"p d곪v{M {. A{p d~ %{}Q IyK~yK} U{ pv⶷[. o ⰰg{ d" }Qⰶ[ ⰶ[ yK} U{p. %p dJ}[ px dzⰷ[, E %[. %d yXg}Q ~Zư yX yX hr}. Zp A 곩d⬪{ %y { o 곩d { y}Q yK}. A }~⬪{ ⰽyҵK}Q U{p EZ mgyK yX U{}Q Ⱜ ky}X{ K}Q U{p AyW{ K}Q gyK}.

d~ d⽻ⰶ[ dzⰶ[ d {g. ⰳ{ I{Md" ~pd. y %Q~Zꩵ{ {{[ p} %Q ~Zꩵ mgKg y}Q ⰬP}Q y곩 yv} ppyK}.

kuvempu writen by DJGd~pp Ƶ {}{ d %g : a{ p }b U{p Ƶ]Xⰳ ˵dK} A{p }b mgyK}Q d" }ⰰM AⰻK{. %{ U[ ʩg}Q d_Wd_W{ yZ{ {. ʩg ]yyZp[. A{p ]yyZp U }}Q A p }b %g {. p, y, px, Ⱚv곩{, Ⱚzp p A{p A ƺ (p }b}) K{[ yZ{ g곪g. %{ dⰹ{y %p dⰹ d.

kabbigan kai buttiUpv} % ~Z곪{ ʩg px} Ag I{Pp{M E{. U[ ~yZg % AyWd_y"p{ dvg yZ ps{Mp.

ⰳp}{ o ⰰg|{ %ⰳ, uC} yp{ 곩dg o dX{[ dK ⰶ[ {곩. p~d, ưZ~, 곩~g dXd" pg}Q . asD}[ `Zpx {}' a{ 곩}Qy P. d}Q yZ[{ d}Qv}Q Ƶ]yX{ I}Qy ꩬdⰶ[ Lp d⽻.

d~ %p ~k}Q dⰶ[ e
d~ %p Ƶ]} {ꩵ e

v . . pmpyQ (m}} 5 ⪱p 1908)

Dr G. P. Rajaratnam``xJ{ yg} yyK, dg d곪v} dK'' U Щyΰ{, Uvdvd pyQ} ~{g}Q[{ }pp d⽻g}Q p d}Qv dM, 곩{ `갩' A p{p . . pmpyQ %p.

⪱p 5, 1904p[ sD{ . . pmpyQ %p{M p֪y gⰪv[ ~y ⪵. yΰ Z E[{ { pmpyQg y{갩 U[ A{Mp. %@ %d"pⰷ[ pmpyQ {p. y{ v 갩. ]yyZX ~{[ (1931p[) pmpyQ d}Qv U. U. ⰰ p g y{ ⰶ[ Ap⪫d 갩 A{p. E{p %}{ d" dy p{ `yyK' Щy d}. dZ갩x A d y~Kg{ {p֬g d v 곩{Mr. %[{ pֵp gg { m}gx dlⰶ[ dd" ~ZⰻQ{p. A{p %[{M K %p yX ⰰ{pⷰ I~{{p. %{p ⰰ{ pmpyQ %{ IyK yX xd" {ΰy. {P yX Ez I~ⰰdK yX{[{ ưk.

Dr G. P. RajaratnampmpyQ %g d ʩ}{[ dD }곩ΰy. ~Q yW dΰ {Mp IyKg E[. ƺp{ yW %p }}~ p{Mg yW %p }{֬~ {p. {d Lpΰy. dD d~xXg }v 1938p[ d}Qv ~y {M pmpyQ %p}Q v y. p, gp, g$, ydpg[ %|X~dp, +} 갩 A fXyp{p. }pp {Xgg yX ⽸Dⰶ[ ~Zpd K{p. ~Z> U. Ap. dJ L{M rZ d} drd h{ Z krsdg[ g %{d"{ h}y y{p.

1976p[ {. d. [ yX W} g g$ [ yX W}{ %|Xd_p{M . . pmpyQ 1969p[ pmX yX %dvư ~ZK ~v{Mp. 1977p[ p Ƶ]{X{ vdDp ~ZK y. 1978p[ {ⰶ[ x yX W}{ %|Xd_y, 1979p[ |L yX W}{[ d" yX g곩F %|Xd_y {Mp.

pmpyQ %p yX g Upv ⰰ. a{ yX ⽸D, Upv yX ~kd. ``pyQ} ~{g'' pmpyQ %p D dvg. E{p[ %p ʩ} {}{. dvd}ꪱ dg g{ v}곱T} d", }곩, }, a, g, 곩 U[ o dX{[ {Ⱚ. s. . d %p yX ~Z, d pmpyQ %p 갩p{ ddy Ep{. pmpyQ %p ~Zⰰ d⽻g: yyK, pyQ} ~{g, Uvdvd pyQ, }g} ~{g, {P} uydg, |{־ {P, g} Ʃp, Ʃp} ydy, dv~, gⰷg, d{} dX EyX. `gyⰱ{P' ~tXyK.

pmpyQ yW}Q y yX ~kpd U{ dp{d\K{Mp. E{{ %p I{M RDyK x ⰳd, d⽻ ~Zdr ⰳd m}p g yX d곪vⰰX{yK. g . . pmpyQ d}Qv yX{[ D {} Ir {p. Ep 1979p k}[ |}p{p.

v ⰰ. Ap. %}yⰳ(m}} 21 ⪱p 1932)

Dr U. R. AnanthmurthyDr U. R. Ananthmurthyd}Qv yX{ ZⰪdg Ap} uC}ĩt ~ZK y{drDp v ⰰ. Ap. %}yⰳp. }X yX{ {{[ xJdy, dX, ⰵ ⰳd {yWd pgpp ~yp. p Ƶ]{X{[ ~Zp A{M[{, dp{ dDⰪ} yWg֪ Ƶ]{X{ ~Zz I~dⰷ~g A{Mp. ]Rdַ }X} d rZD l} A }yp dꩪ{Z yX %dvư %|Xd_p A d {p. m֬ }Qⰶ[ 곩 kpg}Q ~Z~֬yK, ~Zzưd d_x y[ Agd{ aK yK {p[ %}yⰳg ~Zⰰp.

%p g$ +} ~kd" d}Q e

֪y{ v (m}} 10 ⪱p 1922)

Shanthadevi Malavada Zⰻ ֪y{ v %p m{M ⪱p 10p{. y{ ⰰpg~R sD, yΰ m⪻ {. gⰶ[ sD{ ֪y{ ~Z . . v %p ~Q{p. 1993p[ %KT ~ZK ~v{{M[{ o gd곩ⰶ[ mp{ yX W}{ %|Xd_p A" A{Mp. Ep m{yΰ gv }yp yX W}{ %|Xd_p{ Upv} . ~ZKy ֪y{ vp d}rd{ ֪⯻d dꩪ{Z Ud곪p |pv{[ }{Mp.

%p g$ +} ~kd" d}Q e.

v U. . ~p갩]p rD (m}} 8 ⪱p 1914)

Dr S. V. Parameshwar Bhattag$ [ z\ yַ[} p}[ v U. . ~p갩]p rDp 1914, ⪱p 8p{ m}{p. p g Ⱚgp Ƶ]{Xg[ +} ~Z|X~dp A{M ~p갩]p rDp, X{ }{ %~p Xg ~v{Mp. d, gZz ~{dp, ⰵdp, %}{dp p{M U. . ., yW d {d[ }곩vpⰳ 곩dy{[ }g }gyK {p. %}p곩gX{ v}Q d곪v, d"d"}Q ~, {XX d[ Zư{p. 1997p[ kvp ~ZK {. Ep d ~Zⰰ d⽻g: k{ZƩ, ~p, d}Qv d{ ~r, d}Qv dp , 갩h{y, Щy g곩ƪ{, ny p ⰰy{. v U. . . d}Qv{ d{ U{ fXyp{Mp.

`~ k+' dyⰶ[,
``Z dp d AyW} p d, { [ ~ k+
}}Qypg{ }{{ ~ }{֬~p ~ k+''
pΰrD d U. . . ddy, ƺ { d곩 ~ (2000) } ~+, dyK곩d{[ }{p.

}W Ƶ]d}Qv o dy}Q %p {{M {{[ ~Zds, A dy g}{ yxd}Q yK. U. . . EQ[{ d_x }}{ Ƶ]{Xy{ d}Qgp d⪱gp{ }g p{{M o {{ }}~.


} d yX dKpp:

}곩ڥe : }⪱p g yX g$mp g 6
}곩ڥe : %dDp g yX g$mp g 5
}곩ڥe : ~Dp g yX g$mp g 4
}곩ڥe : AgD g yX g$mp g 3
}곩ڥe : m g yX g$mp g 2
}곩ڥe : m} g yX g$mp g 1
U[ yX g$mp ~k}Q }곩

: Ap.. \ }gpu, 37/2U, }gp pK, m}gp, gpⰥ560040. {pֹ +9180340 4244.


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